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MENGUPAS TUNTAS KEILMUAN PSIKOLOGI DAN KEPENDIDIKAN

Arsip Bulan March 2012

Hubungan antara Psikopatologi dan Relasi Keluarga dengan Derajat Keparahan Penyalahgunaan Zat pada Remaja

Hubungan antara Psikopatologi dan Relasi Keluarga dengan Derajat Keparahan Penyalahgunaan Zat pada Remaja/Gerald Mario Semen.-- Jakarta : FakultasKedokteran Universitas Indonesia, 2001.-- 83p. ABSTRAK : Peny ...

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ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME prevention & control

ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME prevention & control Pengembangan Model Pelayanan Kesehatan dalam Pencegahan Infeksi HIV/AIDSpada Pekerja Remaja (Tahap II)/Suharti Ajik et al.-- Surabaya : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pelayanan dan Teknologi Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, 2000.-- 56p. ABSTR ...

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Pengatar Program BK

BAB I PENDAHULUAN     A.  LANDASAN 1.   Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional, Pasal 1 butir 6 yang mengemukakan bahwa konselor adalah pendidik, Pasal 3 bahwa pendidikan nasional bertujuan untuk berkembangnya potensi peserta didik, dan Pasal 4 ayat (4) bahwa pendidikan diselenggarakan dengan memberi keteladanan, membangun kemauan, dan menge ...

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Taylor's meditation 2.56.(Edward Taylor's Preparatory Meditations before My Approach to the Lords Supper)(Critical essay).

Taylor's meditation 2.56.(Edward Taylor's Preparatory Meditations before My Approach to the Lords Supper)(Critical essay). The Explicator 66.2 (Wntr 2008): p.75(4). (1422 words)  Hide details Show details Author(s): Ann Beebe.  Document Type: Magazine/Journal Bookmark: Bookmark this Document   Full Text : COPYRIGHT 2008 Heldref Publications Most undergraduates are familiar with the occasional poems of the Puritan minister and poet Edward Taylor (c. 1642-1729). Poems such as "Upon Wedlock, and Death of Children" (1682), "Huswifery" (c. 1685), and "A Fig for thee Oh! Death" (c. 1721) are standards on the syllabi of American literature surveys. But too often Taylor's arguably greatest poems, Preparatory Meditations before my Approach to the Lords Supper (1682-1725), are avoided as too dense or theological. Indeed, these 219 meditations do reveal Taylor's emotional commitment to his religion, but when students apprehend the basic structure of these meditations, their knowledge of Taylor's imagery lexicon can be transferred from the occasional poems to these meditations, making them more approachable. Smp dsini …… The format of Taylor's meditations remains constant. The meditations are written from the persona of a flawed man, seeking the ability to write skillfully about God's glory; and they inevitably address God directly. Furthermore, the author consistently employs a six-line stanza with an ababcc rhyme scheme. The number of stanzas may vary, but the rhetorical three-part structure (introduction, body, conclusion) does not change. In addition to the consistent persona, audience, form and organization, students can trust the poet to return to key images. As Norman Grabo, Taylor's biographer, has noted, the poet was loyal to ...

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Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Basic Principles and Recent Advances

Focus 4:173-178, Spring 2006 © 2006 American Psychiatric Association Top of Form                                 Bottom of Form              Full Text (PDF)   Citation Map                  Email this article to a Colleague   Similar articles in this journal   Alert me to new issues of the journal   Add to My Articles & Searches   Download to citation manager                    Citing Articles via HighWire   Citing Articles via Google Scholar                  Articles by Wright, J. H.   Search for Related Content                  Articles by Wright, J. H.   CLINICAL SYNTHESIS Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Basic Principles and Recent Advances  Jesse H. Wright, M.D., Ph.D. Correspondence: Address correspondence to Jesse H. Wright, M.D., Ph.D., Norton Psychiatric Center, PO Box 35070, Louisville, KY 40232; e-mail,jwright@iglou.com. CME Financial Disclosure  Jesse H. Wright, M.D., Ph.D., Professor and Chief of Adult Clinical Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Louisville School of Medicine. President and stockholder, Mindstreet. Dr. Wright may receive a portion of profits, if any, from sales of a computer softwareprogram for cognitive behavior therapy cited in this article.   Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a pragmatic, action-oriented treatment approach that has become a widely used psychotherapy for major mental disorders. CBT methods were initially developed for depression and anxiety disorders (1–3), and later they were modified for many other conditions, including personality disorders, eating disorders, and substance abuse; they have also been adapted for use as an adjunct to medication in themanagement of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (3, 4–7). This article delineates the core principles of CBT, describes procedures used in clinical practice, and notes some of the recent advances that have been made in this treatment method. The extensive research supporting the efficacy of CBT is briefly reviewed.     BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CBT     TOP  BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CBT  CBT APPLICATIONS  CBT METHODS  SUMMARY  REFERENCES     The theoretical structure and basic method for CBT were outlined by Aaron Beck in a classic series of papers published in the 1960s (1, 2) and then elaborated in a treatment manual for depression (8). Beck’s early writings focused primarily on pathology in information processing styles in patients with depression or anxiety, but he also incorporated behavioral methods to activate patients, reverse helplessness, and counter avoidance. As CBTmatured, contributions from behavior therapy research and studies of cognitive processes in mental disorders enriched the clinical practice of this form of psychotherapy (6, 9, 10). THE CBT MODEL Cognitive behavior therapists typically use an integrative multisystem model to conceptualize patients and plan treatment (10). The assessment centers primarily on cognitive and behavioral observations, but biological, interpersonal, social, spiritual, and other factors are also considered. However, at the most basic level, the simplified model in Figure 1 helps drive specific treatment interventions and is also frequently diagrammed or explained to patients as they are educated on how CBT works.   View larger version (22K): [in this window] [in a new window] Figure 1. Basic Cognitive Behavior Model A two-way relationship between cognition and behavior is posited in which cognitive processes can influence behavior, and behavioral change can influence cognitions. A brief clinical example of a patient with an anxiety disorder will illustrate how the basic CBT model can be used to understand symptoms and plan treatment. Mr. A, a 35-year-old computer programmer who lives and works in a suburb of a large city, requested treatment for panic disorder with agoraphobia. He had been symptomatic for at least 5 years. His condition had deteriorated to the point where he was largely housebound, although he was able to drive about half a mile to his workplace, where he worked in a cubicle and had little social contact. When Mr. A considered driving to the city to see an old friend or to a mall near his home, he would have thoughts such as "I can’t do it . . . I’ll faint or I’ll have a heart attack . . . I’ll panic and lose control . . . I’ll have a wreck and kill everyone in my path." As might be expected, he had intense anxiety and autonomic arousal associated with these thoughts. His behavioral response was to avoid driving anywhere other than work and to avoid goin ...

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